Iqama – Iqamah

•4 May 2010 • Leave a Comment

The word iqama (Arabic: إقامة‎) refers to the second call to Islamic Prayer, given immediately before the prayer begins. Generally speaking, the iqama is given more quickly and in a more monotone fashion, as compared to the adhan. It differs from the first call to prayer, the adhan in only one place (line 6, below):

Recital Arabic Transliteration Translation
2x الله اكبر الله اكبر āllahu ākbar, āllahu ākbar God is Greatest, God is Greatest,
2x اشهد ان لا اله الا الله āsh’hadu ān lā ilaha illā-llah I assert that there is no god but God,
2x اشهد ان محمد رسول الله āsh’hadu ānna mūhammadār rasūlu-llah I assert that Muhammad is the Messenger of God,
2x حي على الصلاة hayyā `alā-s-salat Come to the prayer,
2x حي على الفلاح hayyā `alā-l-falāh Come to salvation,
2x قد قامت الصلاة qad qāma tis-salaat Stand for prayer
1x الله اكبر الله اكبر āllahu ākbar, āllahu ākbar God is Greatest, God is Greatest,
1x لا اله الا الله lā ilaha illā-llah There is no god but God

It should be noted that according to Hanafi school of thought, similar to Shia Muslims, the content of the Iqama is the same as the Adhan i.e. the number of times the lines are recited are the same, but with ‘Stand for prayer’ read twice after ‘Come to salvation’.

Also, in the Maliki school of thought, the phrase “stand for prayer” is only recited once.

iqamah best done by men unless all the faithful are women, and people who do iqamah and adzan must be “holy” (has ablution)

source wikipedia and others

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Adzan/Azan, at glance…

•4 May 2010 • 1 Comment
4x * الله أكبر Allahu Akbar Allah is greater than any description
2x أشهد أن لا اله إلا الله Ash-had an la ilaha illa llah I testify that there is no deity except for Allah
2x أشهد أن محمدا رسول الله Ash-hadu anna Muħammadan rasulullah I testify that Muhammad is a Messenger of Allah
2x حي على الصلاة Hayya ‘ala-salatt Make haste towards the prayer
2x حي على الفلاح Hayya ‘ala ‘l-falah Make haste towards success (reward)
2x ** الصلاة خير من النوم Al-salatu khayru min an-nawm Prayer is better than sleep **
2x الله أكبر Allāhu akbar Allah is the greatest!
1x لا إله إلا الله La ilaha illallah There is no deity except for Allah

2x** –> only at Fajr Azan

Bilal ibn Rabah(Arabic: بلال بن رباح‎) or Bilal al-Habeshi was an Ethiopian born in Mecca in the late 6th century, sometime between 578 and 582.

The Islamic prophet Muhammad chose an African slave Bilal as his muezzin, effectively making him the first muezzin of the Islamic faith. He was among the slaves freed by Abu Bakr (see Muhammad and slavery) and was known for his beautiful voice with which he called people to their prayers. His name can also be known as, “Bilal ibn Riyah” or “ibn Rabah” and he is sometimes known as “Bilal al-Habashi” or “Bilal the one from Ethiopia”. He died sometime between 638 to 642, when he was just over sixty years old.

Bilal Ibn Rabah, was an emancipated slave of key importance in Islam. He is said to have been one of the most trusted and loyal Sahaba (companion) of Muhammad and of Ali. His respected stature during the birth of Islam is often cited by Muslims as evidence of the importance of pluralism and racial equality in the foundations of the religion.

The adhān (also Athan: IPA: [ʔæˈðæːn], Azan/Ezan) (أَذَان) is the Islamic call to prayer, recited by the muezzin. The root of the word is ʼḏn, meaning “to permit”, and another derivative of this word is uḏun, meaning “ear”.

Adhan is called out by the muezzin in the mosque, sometimes from a minaret, five times a day summoning Muslims for mandatory (fard) prayers (salah). There is a second call known as iqama (set up) that summons Muslims to line up for the beginning of the prayers. The main purpose behind the loud pronouncement of adhan five times a day in every mosque is to make available to everyone an easily intelligible summary of Islamic belief. It is intended to bring to the mind of every believer and non-believer the substance of Islamic beliefs, or its spiritual ideology. Loudspeakers are sometimes installed on minarets for the purpose.

The adhan sums up the teachings of Islam: there is no God but Allah; Muhammad is God’s Messenger; salvation is found through obedience to the Will of God, of which prayer is an important expression.

Adzan Subuh/Fajr

source wikipedia and others, TVone

How to make Wudhu (ablution) – Bagaimana melakukan Wudhu

•4 May 2010 • 1 Comment

The following actions can annul one’s wudu – ablution, therefore the steps should be done each time one of the following happens: Defecation, passing gas or urination, emission of semen, sleep, passing blood, loss of senses. (passing out), touching a sexual organ.

1. Make sure the place is clean, and make Niyyah (Intention) that you are making Wudu’ for Salaat and begin by saying. “Bismillah” (In the name of Allah). Wash both hands up to the wrist three times, making sure that water has reached between the fingers.
2. Put a handful of  water into your mouth and rinse it thoroughly three times.
3. Clean your nose by sniffing water into it and extract the water you just sniffed (be careful not to sniff the water all the way), repeat the step 3 times.
4. Wash your face three times from right ear to left ear and from forehead to throat.
5. Wash your right arm and then your left arm thoroughly, this time up to elbow three times.
6. Move the wet fingers and palms (touching gently) over your head from the top of forehead all the way to the back of the head, and back (back of the head to the forehead). Only one time and not three.
7. Pass the wet tips of your index fingers into the grooves and holes of both ears and also pass the wet thumbs behind the ears (three times).
8. Finally, wash both feet to the ankles (preferably to the knees) starting with the right foot, making sure that water has reached between the toes and back of the feet.

It’s preferable to say after leaving the bathroom “Ash-hadu an la ilaha  illal lahu wa ash-hadu anna Muammadan ‘abduhu warasuluh.”

How To Pray in Islam (Sholat) – Bagaimana melakukan Sholat

•4 May 2010 • Leave a Comment
Face the Qiblah (toward Mecca), and make sure you’re in a clean area, now you are about to start one of the following prayers: 1st prayer (Subh), 2nd prayer (Dhuhr), 3rd (Asr), 4th (Maghrib), 5th (Ishaa).
Standing, you will start the prayer raising both hands up close to your ears and say “Allahu Akbar” (God is Most Great).

takbir

takbir

Then put one hand on the top of the other hand between your chest and upper stomach, and start reciting surat “al fatiha”, say “ameen” once you finish it, and then start reciting another small surat.

rakaat 1

face to kaabah

Once you finish reciting raise your hands up to the ears, saying “Allahu Akbar.” Bow (your hands on your knees, back straight, your face toward the ground, saying three times, “Subhana rabbiyal adheem” (Glory be to my Lord Almighty). This position is called (ruku’).

ruku'

ruku'

Rise back to standing while saying “Sami’a Allahu liman hamidah, Rabbana wa lakal hamd” (God hears those who call upon Him; Our Lord, praise be to You).

Sami’a Allahu liman hamidah

Sami’a Allahu liman hamidah

Raise hands up, saying “Allahu Akbar” then descend to the ground (see photo), while your face on the ground say three times “Subhana Rabbiyal A’ala” (Glory be to my Lord, the Most High). This position is called “sujud”

sujud

sujjud

Rise to a sitting position (see picture), saying “Allahu Akbar.”

sitting position

sitting position

Then prostrate back on the ground (this is the second time you do it), while your face on the ground say three times “Subhana Rabbiyal A’ala”

sujjud

sujjud

This will conclude the first “rak’a”. Now to start the second “raka’a” you simply need to repeat steps from 2 to 8. Note that at the end of your second “rak’a” you will have to add step 9, which is:

Rise to a sitting positition (see photo), remain sitting and recite the first part of the Tashahhud in Arabic:  “Atta-hiyyatu lillahi was-salawatu wat-tayyibatu As-salamu ‘ala an-Nabiyy wa rahmat-ullahi wa barakatuhu As-salamu ‘alaina wa ‘alaa ‘Ibaadillah-is-salihin. Ash-hadu-al-la-ilaha illAllahu wa ash-hadu anna Muhammadan ‘abduhu wa Rasuluh”. Note that while reciting “Ash-hadu-al-la ilaha illaAllahu …” one should move the index finger of the right hand in a small circle like you’re drawing a circle on the sand beach with your index while the hand is still on the thigh. Only the index should be moving, the rest of the fingers and hand don’t have to move. See photo:

sitting

sitting

Only the index should be moving

Only the index should be moving

If the prayer is to be longer than 2 “rak’as”, then add the same steps from 2 to 8 depending on how many “rak’as” you have to perfom, for example if you have to make 4 “rak’as” then you will have to add steps 2 to 8 two more times (which means 4 times in total). Then finally add the step number 9 again (basically after each two “rak’as” the step #9 is required). Main prayers of the day:

1st prayer (Subh) = 2 Rakats

2nd prayer (Dhuhr) = 4 Rakats

3rd prayer (Asr) = 4 Rakats

4th prayer (Maghrib) = 3 Rakats

5th prayer (Ishaa) = 4 Rakats

To end your prayer, while still sitting, turn your face to the right and say “Assalamu alaikum wa rahmatullah” (Peace be upon you and God’s blessings), and turn to the left and say the same “Assalamu alaikum wa rahmatullah”. And that’s how you finish your prayer, easy! Example of how to pray the 3rd Prayer (Asr) which consist of 4 Rakats: Follow steps 1-8, then steps 2-9, then steps 2-8, then finally step 2-10.

Note:  There is a second half part of tashahhud which is recited in the final “rak’a” but if it can be learned later, you don’t have to do it if you’re still in your first days, it says “Allahumma salli ala Muhammad wa ala aali Muhammad kama salaita ala Ibraheem, wa barik ala Muhammad wa ala aali Muhammad kama barakta ala Ibraheem wa ala aali Ibraheem fel ‘alameena innaka hameedun majeed”, this will be added to step 9 before reaching step 10.

source http://arabic.speak7.com/prayer.htm

Masjid Indonesia Tempo Dulu – Indonesian Old Mosque ; Masjid Bima, Masjid Ternate, Masjid Gowa, Masjid Banjarmasin

•30 April 2010 • 1 Comment
moskee aan de rivieroever te bandjermasin, Masjid Banjarmasin di pinggir sungai, 1880-1920

moskee aan de rivieroever te bandjermasin, Masjid Banjarmasin di pinggir sungai, 1880-1920

Moskee te Gowa op Celebes, masjid Gowa Sulawesi, 20-04-1924

Moskee te Gowa op Celebes, masjid Gowa Sulawesi, 20-04-1924

Moskee Bima, Masjid Bima, 1900-1940

Moskee Bima, Masjid Bima, 1900-1940

De moskee in Ternate, Masjid di Ternate 1920-1930

De moskee in Ternate, Masjid di Ternate 1920-1930

Masjid Indonesia Tempo Dulu Jawa – Java Indonesian Old Mosque ; Masjid Banten – Masjid Madura – Masjid Surabaya – Masjid Cirebon – Masjid Kudus – Masjid Indonesia

•30 April 2010 • Leave a Comment
Masjid Banten, Moskee Bantam 1933

Masjid Banten, Moskee Bantam 1933

Moskee Garoet, Masjid Garut, 1900-1926

Moskee Garoet, Masjid Garut, 1900-1926

Moskee Cheribon, masjid Cirebon, 1900-1933

Moskee Cheribon, masjid Cirebon, 1900-1933

minaret bij de moskee van Koedoes, Masjid Menara Kudus, 1900-1940

minaret bij de moskee van Koedoes, Masjid Menara Kudus, 1900-1940

Moskee Indonesië, Masjid Indonesia, 1900-1940

Moskee Indonesië, Masjid Indonesia, 1900-1940

Moskee Madoera, Masjid Madura, 1890-1917

Moskee Madoera, Masjid Madura, 1890-1917

Moskee Surabaya Java, Masjid Surabaya, 1900-1940

Moskee Surabaya Java, Masjid Surabaya, 1900-1940

Masjid Indonesia Tempo Dulu Sumatera – Sumatera Indonesian Old Mosque ; Masjid Martapura- Masjid Indrapuri – Masjid Samalanga – Masjid Kotabaru -Masjid Jambi

•30 April 2010 • 5 Comments
Masjid Martapura Kalimantan Selatan, Martapura Mosque 1910-1940

Masjid Martapura Kalimantan Selatan, Martapura Mosque 1910-1940

Masjid Minagkabau

Masjid Minangkabau 1895

Masjid Indrapoeri, Aceh, 1880

Masjid Indrapoeri, Aceh, 1880

Masjid Jambi, Moskee Djambi, 1900-1939

Masjid Jambi, Moskee Djambi, 1900-1939

Masjid van Samalanga Aceh, Van Samalanga Moskee, 1880-1910

Masjid van Samalanga, Van Samalanga Moskee, 1880-1910

Masjid Kotabaru, 1880

Masjid Kotabaru, 1880