Iqama – Iqamah
The word iqama (Arabic: إقامة) refers to the second call to Islamic Prayer, given immediately before the prayer begins. Generally speaking, the iqama is given more quickly and in a more monotone fashion, as compared to the adhan. It differs from the first call to prayer, the adhan in only one place (line 6, below):
|2x||الله اكبر الله اكبر||āllahu ākbar, āllahu ākbar||God is Greatest, God is Greatest,|
|2x||اشهد ان لا اله الا الله||āsh’hadu ān lā ilaha illā-llah||I assert that there is no god but God,|
|2x||اشهد ان محمد رسول الله||āsh’hadu ānna mūhammadār rasūlu-llah||I assert that Muhammad is the Messenger of God,|
|2x||حي على الصلاة||hayyā `alā-s-salat||Come to the prayer,|
|2x||حي على الفلاح||hayyā `alā-l-falāh||Come to salvation,|
|2x||قد قامت الصلاة||qad qāma tis-salaat||Stand for prayer|
|1x||الله اكبر الله اكبر||āllahu ākbar, āllahu ākbar||God is Greatest, God is Greatest,|
|1x||لا اله الا الله||lā ilaha illā-llah||There is no god but God|
It should be noted that according to Hanafi school of thought, similar to Shia Muslims, the content of the Iqama is the same as the Adhan i.e. the number of times the lines are recited are the same, but with ‘Stand for prayer’ read twice after ‘Come to salvation’.
Also, in the Maliki school of thought, the phrase “stand for prayer” is only recited once.
iqamah best done by men unless all the faithful are women, and people who do iqamah and adzan must be “holy” (has ablution)
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