Adzan/Azan, at glance…
|4x *||الله أكبر||Allahu Akbar||Allah is greater than any description|
|2x||أشهد أن لا اله إلا الله||Ash-had an la ilaha illa llah||I testify that there is no deity except for Allah|
|2x||أشهد أن محمدا رسول الله||Ash-hadu anna Muħammadan rasulullah||I testify that Muhammad is a Messenger of Allah|
|2x||حي على الصلاة||Hayya ‘ala-salatt||Make haste towards the prayer|
|2x||حي على الفلاح||Hayya ‘ala ‘l-falah||Make haste towards success (reward)|
|2x **||الصلاة خير من النوم||Al-salatu khayru min an-nawm||Prayer is better than sleep **|
|2x||الله أكبر||Allāhu akbar||Allah is the greatest!|
|1x||لا إله إلا الله||La ilaha illallah||There is no deity except for Allah|
2x** –> only at Fajr Azan
Bilal ibn Rabah(Arabic: بلال بن رباح) or Bilal al-Habeshi was an Ethiopian born in Mecca in the late 6th century, sometime between 578 and 582.
The Islamic prophet Muhammad chose an African slave Bilal as his muezzin, effectively making him the first muezzin of the Islamic faith. He was among the slaves freed by Abu Bakr (see Muhammad and slavery) and was known for his beautiful voice with which he called people to their prayers. His name can also be known as, “Bilal ibn Riyah” or “ibn Rabah” and he is sometimes known as “Bilal al-Habashi” or “Bilal the one from Ethiopia”. He died sometime between 638 to 642, when he was just over sixty years old.
Bilal Ibn Rabah, was an emancipated slave of key importance in Islam. He is said to have been one of the most trusted and loyal Sahaba (companion) of Muhammad and of Ali. His respected stature during the birth of Islam is often cited by Muslims as evidence of the importance of pluralism and racial equality in the foundations of the religion.
The adhān (also Athan: IPA: [ʔæˈðæːn], Azan/Ezan) (أَذَان) is the Islamic call to prayer, recited by the muezzin. The root of the word is ʼḏn, meaning “to permit”, and another derivative of this word is uḏun, meaning “ear”.
Adhan is called out by the muezzin in the mosque, sometimes from a minaret, five times a day summoning Muslims for mandatory (fard) prayers (salah). There is a second call known as iqama (set up) that summons Muslims to line up for the beginning of the prayers. The main purpose behind the loud pronouncement of adhan five times a day in every mosque is to make available to everyone an easily intelligible summary of Islamic belief. It is intended to bring to the mind of every believer and non-believer the substance of Islamic beliefs, or its spiritual ideology. Loudspeakers are sometimes installed on minarets for the purpose.
The adhan sums up the teachings of Islam: there is no God but Allah; Muhammad is God’s Messenger; salvation is found through obedience to the Will of God, of which prayer is an important expression.
source wikipedia and others, TVone